The process of normalizing relations between Iran and Saudi Arabia
Following the execution of 47 individuals, including Shiite cleric Nimr al-Nimr, on terrorism charges in January 2016, diplomatic relations between Saudi Arabia and Iran were severed during a period of heightened tension.
In 2021, negotiations between Riyadh and Tehran began in Iraq and Oman, and on March 10, in Beijing, through Chinese officials, the two countries reached an agreement to restore diplomatic relations within two months after a seven-year hiatus.
Iranian Foreign Minister Hossein Amir-Abdollahian and his Saudi counterpart, Faisal bin Farhan, met on April 6 in Beijing, where they agreed on the reopening of the embassies of the two countries, resuming flights between them, and facilitating visa procedures.
Iran announced on May 23 that Ali Reza Enayati had been appointed as its Ambassador to Riyadh, and on June 6, the Iranian Embassy in Riyadh was reopened, followed by the reopening of the Consulate in Jeddah on June 8.